technologies invented every other day, internet connectivity is not limited to
PCs and laptops. In fact internet browsing through smart mobile devices is on
the rise by leaps and bounds, and businesses are scrambling to create websites
which can run efficiently on various devices irrespective of the size of the
device. But since, the screens of different devices have different pixels width
it makes web developers task challenging to create a website which suits
The answer has
come in form of responsive website design which is the much talked about
concept currently. It allows websites to dynamically change their algorithm
according to the device they are uploaded on and run efficiently across
different platforms. So what are the essentials required for creating an
effective responsive website?
To make a
website responsive, its layout has to be made flexible and not static with
pre-fixed pixel dimensions. Hence adopting a fluid grid layout is the
foundation on which the website elements should be laid on. For fixed grid
layouts you have to be change the screen size and resolutions manually, whereas
the fluid grid has elasticity and flows without restrictions in the area it is
contained. The dimensions of the elements within the layout are specified
according to the percentage and not according to pixels. Hence the shrink and
expand according to the screens they are loaded on.
query is a condition set by creating style sheets with break points from where
the layout can get changed according to the specific parameters, including
dimensions, color and orientation of the device. The media queries form a part
of the CSS paradigm, which ensures that the different screen sizes and
platforms of the devices do not change the look of the webpage display. It
ensures there is uniformity in the outlook of the webpage.
Removal of Non-Essentials
difference is definitely there between a small screen and a big screen, and you
cannot expect to show all the elements of the layout on the small screens. It
could often lead to cramping of your mobile screens hence you should remove the
non-essential elements of your website which are not required. Make only the
key contents available in a more readable manner to the users.
Responsive Image and Replacements
the integral part of a webpage layout, without them the website loses its
panache, but to make images run effectively on screens following different
pixel resolution can make the web designers run for their money. Hence web
designers can choose to replace the images and regulate the flow of data
according to the device it is flowing into.
is an essential tool which takes the user through all the contents and elements
of a website. Hence when creating a responsive website design, web designers
should choose navigation options which are easily visible on small screens and
can be effectively used. There are various sets to navigational tool available,
including footer navigation, menu overlay, multi toggle, or Off Canvas, etc.